America's rich get richer

frying pan fat, copyrighted photo by tim pilgrim

"...Should any political party attempt to abolish social security, unemployment insurance, and eliminate labor laws and farm programs, you would not hear of that party again in our political history. There is a tiny splinter group, of course, that believes you can do these things. Among them are H.L. Hunt...and a few other Texas oil millionaires, and an occasional politician or businessman from other areas. Their number is negligible and they are stupid."
-- President Dwight D. Eisenhower, in a letter to his brother Edgar, Nov. 8, 1954

"Estimated ratio this year of the U.S. defense budget to that of the rest of the world combined: 1:1"
-- Harper's Index, April 2006
U.S. military spending in 2010 was $698 billion, the highest on earth (China was second with $119 billion, the United Kingdom, third with $59.6 billion)."
-- AP story (citing Stockholm International Peace Research Institute) in Seattle Times, April 11, 2011
Since 2000, U.S. defense spending has gone up 81% -- not counting the Iraq and Afghanistan wars.
-- Bill Maher on "Real Time with Bill Maher" April 2011

The Trump administration is the most wealthy in U.S. history, according to reporters of the New York Times, citing a tally by Bloomberg News. Members of Trump's senior staff and Cabinet are worth an estimated $12 billion.

Trump's daughter and son-in-law, Ivanka Trump and Jared Kushner, who advise Trump, are worth as much as $741 million.

Until January Kushner was CEO of a family-run real-estate investment firm, Kushner Cos., a business that has taken part in at least $7 billion worth of acquisitions during the past 10 years.

For 258 of profitable Fortune 500 companies even though the top corporate tax rate is 35%, nearly 40% of the companies paid no taxes in at least one year between 2008 and 2015, according to The New York Times' Patricia Cohen, in March 2017, citing the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy, a leftish Washington, D.C. research group.

Eighteen of them, including GE and PG&E, had a federal tax bill of less than zero over the entire eight years -- they got money back.

The companies with the largest tax subsidies during the period include AT&T ($38.1 billion), Wells Fargo ($34.1 billion), JPMorgan Chase ($22.2 billion), Verizon ($21.1 billion), IBM ($17.8 billion), GE ($15.4 billion), Exxon Mobile ($12.90 billion), Boeing ($11.9 billion) and Procter & Gamble ($8.5 billion).

The U.S. House of Representatives health-care bill would give to America's rich huge cuts over the next decade in $600 billon of taxes, according to an Associated Press report in March 2017.

In one of the tax cuts of $158 billion on inventment income for high-income individuals and families, those who make $700,000 a year or more would get 90% of the money, according to Stephen Ohlemacher, citing the nonpartisan Committee on Taxation.

Washington Gov. Jay Inslee noted the proposal would repeal a tax on individuals making over $200,000 a year and called the GOP plan a "tax cut for the rich masquerading as health-care reform."

Eight super-rich men -- six of them Americans -- own as much of the world's wealth as the poorest half of the global population -- 3.6 billion people -- according to Oxfam, a Swiss anti-poverty organization, in January 2017 and using Forbes' billionaires list to make the assessment.

Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates is the richest person ($75 billion), and Warren Buffet, Jeff Bezos, Mark Zuckerberg, Larry Ellison and Michael Bloomberg, former mayor of New York, are the other Americans on the list. (Spain's Amancio Orrega and Mexico's Carlos Slim Helu are the remaining two.)

Oxfam's policy adviser, Max Laweson, cited the "Panama Papers," leaked in 2016, in saying billionaires mostly don't pay their share of taxes (often paying less thas "than their cleaner or their secretary"), thus creating a global trust crisis.

Implications of the crisis are "deep and wide-ranging," according to Oxfam CEO Richard Edelman, wo said the consequence is virulent populism and nationalism, which along with the "emergene or a media echo chamber" shuts out opposing views and magnifies a "cycle of distrust."

"The lack of trust in media has also given rise to the fake-news phenomenon and politicians speaking directly to the masses," Edelman said.

President-elect Trump's cabinet, which includes seven prospective members worth a combined $11 billion, would be the richest cabinet in U.S. history, according to During the campaign, Trump proposed to cut taxes by $6 trillon over 10 years, with steep tax rate cuts for corporations and higher-income individuals, reported.

Trump's tax plan would give each of the richest 0.1 percent of American households an average $1.1 million tax cut while giving each of the poorest 20 percent of households a tax cut of $110, according to the nonpartisan Tax Policy Center, as reported in the Seattle Times.

Trump, himself, acknowledged Oct. 9 that he used a $916 million loss reported on his 1995 tax return to avoid paying any personal income tax for up to 18 years, the New York Times reported Oct. 9, 2016.

The number of billionaires in the U.S. has increased tenfold since 2000, former presidential candidate Bernie Sanders noted in October 2016.

America's 50 largest companies received $27 back in federal loans, loan guarantees and bailouts for each dollar they paid in taxes between 2008 and 2014, according to Nicholas Kristof, citing a study compiled by Oxfam America.

Kristof said another study found that major corporation tax dodging cost the U.S. Treasury up to $111 billion a year, and he cited a USA Today analysis showing that, among the Standard and Poor's index 500 corporations, 27 were both profitiable in 2015 and yet paid no net income tax globally.

Overall, he wrote, the corporate taxation share in federal revenue has declined from 32 percent in 1952 to 11 percent -- while the share coming from payroll taxes has climbed.

The total amount for all Fortune 500 companies held in offshore accounts has reached $2.4 trillion -- which would result in a federal tax bill of more than $600 million, according to Danny Westneat of the Seattle Times, whop cited Citizens for Tax Justice, a tax-policy think tank.

The top tax-dodgers are Pfizer, Apple, Microsoft (all with over $100 billion each overseas), and Amazon and Expedia both have $1.5 billion in profits off shore as well (Costco, Starbucks and Paccar are on the list too), Westneat wrote.

The 20 wealthiest Americans are worth more than the poorer half of the entire American population, Nicholas Kristof reported in February 2016, citing a report by the Institute for Policy Studies.

The report also said Forbes' wealthiest 100 Americans together are worth as much as all African-Americans (over 42 million people or roughly 14% of the American population).

Kristof reported that the pharmaceutical industry used lobbying to get Congress to prohibit the government from bargaining for drug prices in Medicare. The ban amounts to a $50 billion annual gift to the industry.

By the end of 2015, the wealthiest 1 percent were to be in control of more wealth than everyone else in the world put together, according to Tim Redmond in a Nov. 15 report about Project Censored's list of news items the media ignore.

Citing the project and Oxfam International's January 2015 report, Redmond also said that the wealth of 85 of the richest people in the world equals the combined wealth of one-half of all the world's poor.

Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates, the richest person in the world, is also the richest person ("479.6 billion net worth) in the tech world, according to the August 2015 Forbes World's Richest in Tech listing. Oracle founder Larry Ellison ($50 billion) is second on the list and Amazon's Jeff Bezos ($47.8 billion) is third. Others in the top 10 are Mark Zuckerberg, Larry Page, Sergey Brin, Jack Ma, Steve Ballmer, Laurene Powel Jobs and family and Michael Dell. American make up 51 of the top 100, and Asians, 33. Only eight are Europeans -- and just seven, women. The average age is 53, a decade younger than the average of all billionaires. Fifteen of the top 100 are under 40.

About 60 donations to 2016 presidential campaigns of $1 million or more (Hedge fund biggie Robert Mercer gave $11 million) accounted for a third of more than $380 million raised in the first six months of 2015, according to the Associated Press on Aug. 2, 2015.

Boeing Corporation is the biggest recipient of state and local tax incentives, with more that $13 billion of them, according to as reported in the Seattle Times on March 17, 2015. The former Seattle-based corporation compiled enough subsidies from Washington state to make Washington the second biggest tax-incentive provider (behind New York). Boeing also was a winner of federal subsidies and loans, totalling more than $450 million in subsidies and $64 billion in loans.

The wealthiest 10% of Amercians owned about 80% of stock at the end of 2014, according to the Federal Reserve and as reported by the Seattle Times on March 13, 2015.

In March 2015, said the top 10 richest billionaires (see below) are Bill Gates ($79.2 billion), Carlos Slim Helu ($77.1 billion), Warren Buffet ($727 billion), Amanacio Ortega ($64.5 billion), Larry Ellison ($54.3 billion), the Koch brothers, Charles Koch ($42.9 billion) and David Koch ($42.9 billion) -- together, the richest by far -- and Christy and Jim Walton ($41.7 and 40.6 billion), and completing the list Liliane Bettencourt ($40.1 billion)

On Jan. 15, 2015, published a chart showing that in the last 40 years (since 1950), hourly compensation for American workers has increased only 113.1% while U.S. productivity has increased 254.3%.

The website's article quoted economist Lawrence Mishel, who noted that between 1973 and 2011, the growth of "real hourly compensation of the median worker" increased by just 10.7%. (In the same period, productivity increased over 150%.)

In 2014, Earth's richest people added $92 billion to their collective wealth. Citing Bloomberg Billionaires Index, Bloomberg News wrtiters Peter Newcomb and Alex Sazonov noted on Jan. 4, 2015, in the Bellingham Herald that the net worth of the top 400 billionaires on Dec. 29, 2014, stood at $4.1 trillion.

The biggest gain went to Jack Ma, co-founder of China's largest e-commerce company, Alibaba Group -- he added $25.1 billion to his fortune.

Warren Buffett (Berkshire Hathaway) added $13.7 billion to his wealth to become the world's second richest person (passing Mexican telecommunications billionaire, Carlos Slim, to take over runnerup spot billionaire Bill Gates, co-founder of Microsoft, who added $9.1 billion).

As of Dec. 31, 2014, Gates was worth $86.6 billion; Buffett, $73.8 billion; Slim, $72.6 billion.

The Bloomberg index listed conservative brothers, Charles and Paul Koch, whose biggest asset is Georgia-Pacific, at just over $50 billion each -- number five and six on the richest billionaires list.

Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook) saw his fortune gain $10.6 billion -- he was 13th riches on the list and, as of Dec. 31, 2014, was worth $34.5 billion.

A CEO in 2014 made about 257 times the average worker's salary, an increase from 181 times in 2009 (in 2013, pay for U.S. workers as a whole increased 1.3 percent), according to Associated Press reporter Josh Boak in the May 29, 2014, Seattle Times.

The year 2013 was the fourth year in a row that CEO compensation increased -- the average CEO of an S&P 500 company earned $10.5 million, up 8.8 percent from $9.6 in 2012, Boak wrote, citing an Associated Press/Equilar pay study.

The richest people on the planet got even richer in 2013, adding $524 bilion to their collective net worth, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index, a daily ranking of the world's 300 wealthiest people. The aggregate net worth of the world's top billionaires stood at $3.7 trillion at the market close on Dec. 31, 2013, according to Bloomberg.

Of the 300 people who appeared on the final ranking of 2013, only 70 registered a net loss for the 12-month period, the report said. Bill Gates, was the year's biggest gainer, increasing his wealth by $15.8 billion to a total of $78.5 billion.

The richest 85 people in the world hold as much wealth as the bottom half of the global population, according to a January 2014 report by Oxfam International, a British humanitarian group, as reported in the Seattle Times.

About 3.5 billion people, the bottom half, account for about $1.7 trillion while the wealthy elite, a small part of the richest 1 percent, now hold about 46 percent of the world's wealth -- $110 trillion -- the report said.

It also said the percentage of income of the richest 1 percent in America has grown almost 150 percent from 1980 through 2012 -- and has received 95 percent of wealth created after the financial crisis in 2008.

(A Gallup poll on Jan. 20, 2014 found that two-thirds of Americans are dissatisfied with the way income and wealth are distributed in the U.S.)

Billionaires of the world in 2012 added $241 billion to their wealth, according to the 2012-2013 Project Censored's sixth most underreported news story.

Its second most underreported story states that global "corprate fatcats" hold $21 to $31 trillion in off shore havens to avoid governbment taxation.

In 2013, the 400 richest Americans are worth just over $2 trillion, roughly the GDP of Russia, according to on Sept. 17, 2013.

Forbes said Bill Gates tops the list, with wealth of $72 billion (up $12.5 billion from 2012); Warren Buffett is the second wealthiest, with $58.5 billion (up more than $12.5 billion from 2012); the conservative Koch brothers, Charles and David, stand at 4th and 5th on the list, with a total wealth that equaled Gates' wealth ($36 billion each -- Larry Ellison of Oracle is in third place with wealth of $41 billion).

The top 1 percent of U.S earners in 2012 grabbed 22.5 percent of all income earned by Americans, up from its 19.7 percent level in 2011, according to the Seattle Times on Sept. 11, 2013, which cited an updated study by economists Emmanuel Saed and Thomas Piketty.

According to the story, the 2012 pretax income of the 1 percent was above $394,000. The top 10 percent of earners toook more than half of America's total income in 2012 (income of the to 10 percent exceeded $114,000), the story said.

The top 7 percent of U.S. households (in 2011) owned 63 percent of the nation's total household wealth, up from 56 percent in 2009 (according to the Pew Research Center), and the average net worth of the top 7 percent of the wealth distribution increased by 28 percent (to $3.2 million, up from $2.5 million) while the lower 93 percent dropped by 4 percent (to $134,000 from $140,000), according to an April 24, 2013, AP article in the Seattle Times.

The richest people on Earth got even richer in 2012 -- they added $241 billion to their collective net worth. That net worth stood at $1.9 trillion at the end of December, according to a Jan. 2, 2013, Seattle Times article (citing Bloomberg Billionaires Index).

Through 2011, the main drivers of the 2012 U.S. government $11.3 trillion national debt (called the "fiscal cliff") are the Bush-era tax cuts ($1,703 billion dollars), interest on the national debt ($1,386 billion dollars) and the Afghan and Iraq wars ($1,262 billion dollars), along with stimulus spending, Medicare drug plan spending, etc., according to the Nov. 12, 2012 Seattle Times. [Just as 2013 began, Congress passed and President Obama signed a bill preserving most of the Bush-era tax cuts.]

After presidential candidate Mitt Romney claimed 47% of Americans "pay no income tax" and are "dependent upon government," media noted that because of tax loopholes, not near-poverty income, 1,400 millionaires paid no federal income taxes in 2009 (Robertson Williams, senior fellow at the Tax Policy Center) and that in 2011 the corporate "person" Boeing had no net income-tax liability for the fourth year in a row, despite $5.1 billion in profits (Danny Westneat), according to the Seattle Times, Sept. 19, 2012.

In the summer of 2012, presidential candidate Mitt Romney proposed extending all the George W. Bush tax cuts to the rich (see below) -- saving wealthy enought to pay for three more butlers -- while President Obama proposed preserving only some of the Bush tax cuts -- saving the rich enough to add only one butler -- according to David Sirota in the July 21, 2012, Seattle Times.

Corporate taxes as a percentage of the U.S. Gross Domestic Product decreased from 7.2% in 1945 to 1.3% in 2010 -- while profits increased from nearly nothing in 1945 to $1.8 trillion in 2010. At the same time individuals paid a 42.3% share of tax revenue in 2010 while corporation paid 7.2% -- source, Seattle Times, Feb. 23, 2012.

Wells Fargo, At&T, Verizon, General Electric, IBM, Exxon Mobile and Boeing together got tax breaks totaling just under $70 billion between 2008 and 2010, the Seattle Times reported on Feb. 23, 2012.

Some superwealthy lashed out at protests against the greed of the richest 1% -- saying the protesters were imbeciles and calling rules that require companies to disclose the ratio of pay between CEOs and employees "insane," according to the Dec. 21, 2011 Seattle Times, which noted that average U.S. household income increased 62% between 1969 and 2007 -- but income for the top 1% rose more than 300%.

Compensation in fiscal year 2010 for American CEOs increased by a median 27%, according to the Los Angeles Times. CEOs from the S&P 500 took a median 36.5% increase in compensation, the Times said, citing the ninth annual report from the research group GMI.

Paul Krugman noted in November 2011 that all American redistribution of income away from the bottom 80% has gone to the highest-income 1% -- and that a report looking only through 2005 found that almost two-thirds of the rising share of top 1% income went to the top 0.1% (the richests one-thousandth), who saw their income rise more than 400% from 1979 to 2005.

Krugman added that the top 0.1% is not heroic entrepreneurs -- instead, corporate executives, executives in nonfinancial companies (Wall Street executives), lawyers and real estate kings.

"'We are the 99 percent' is a clear message. It is unfair and, in fact, digusting that the American political economy is run for the benefit of a plutocracy. I don't see how that can be misunderstood," said Todd Gitlin (president of the former Students for a Democratic Society in the mid-1960s) at the Occupy Wall Street protest Oct. 5, 2011, according to the Oct. 10 Seattle Times.

Fifty percent of all American workers earned less than $26,364 in 2010, fewer jobs were available and overall pay was trending downward, except for the wealthiest, with the number of people making $1 million or more rising 18 percent from 2009, according to an Oct. 21, 2011, Seattle Times article citing Social Security Administration data.

CEO pay has multiplied, with the median value of salaries, bonuses and incentives for the CEOs of 350 huge American corporations rising 11% in 2010 to $9.3 million, according to a Wall Street Journal study that was cited by the Cascadia Weekly on Aug. 31, 2011. Bonuses rose 19.7% too -- and these increases do not include stock-option rewards.

The top 0.1% of U.S. earners grabbed more than 10% of U.S. personal income (including capital gains), and the top 1% grabbed more than 20% (in 2008, the lastest year figures are available), the June 21, 2011, Seattle Times reported. The big earners are executives and managers (even in boring areas like the milk business). Since 1970, executive pay has increased 430%, far above a 250% increase U.S. corporate profits -- and wildly above the 26% increase in wages for ordinary workers.

A dozen U.S. businesses -- with profits of $171 billion over the past three years -- paid a NEGATIVE $2.5 billion in federal taxes. Boeing had $9.7 billion in profts over this 2008-10 period and had a total federal tax rate of -1.8 percent. In the decade ending in 21010, Boeing's profits were $29 billion, yet it paid MINUS $948 million in federal taxes, according to the July 3, 2011 Seattle Times' Danny Westneat (citing a Citizens for Tax Justice study).

The average federal income tax rate for the 400 most super rich (average income of $345 million in 2007, the most recent year for IRS data) was 17%; it had been as high as 26% in 1992, according to an Associated Press story on Page 1 of the April 18, 2011, Seattle Times.

The richest 1 tenth of 1 percent of Americans is only 13,000 households and earned more than 11 percent of the nation's total 2007 income, according to columnist Bob Herbert in the Sept. 15, 2010, Seattle Times. The top 1 percent of earners has seen its share of America's income increase from 9 percent in the 1970s to 10 percent in the 1980s, to 19 percent in the late 1990s -- and to 23 percent in 2007, the most recent year complete data is available.

The super-rich get super-richer, according to the Aug. 23, 2010 New Yorker, which reported that between 2002 and 2007, the top one percent of rich Americans have seen their share of the national income double. And, within that group, the top 0.1 percent have seen their share of national income triple -- by themselves, they earn as much as the bottom 120 million people in America.

The top 1% of Americans saw their real income rise 700% between 1980 and 2007 while the real income of the median family increased only 22% -- a third of its growth the previous 27 years, according to an August 2009 New York Times column by Paul Krugman, Nobel Prize winner.

By 2006, income was more concentrated for the rich than at any time since the beginning of the great depression -- but the current recession is beginning to make them a bit less rich, the New York Times reported in late August of 2009. But they were still rich. (According to the IRS, in the late 70s, each of the highest-earning households -- the top 1/10,000 -- earned over $2 million, adjusted for inflation, while in 2007 they each made over $11.5 million.)

By 2004, the top 1 percent of Americans took 16% of national income -- whereas in Japan, it took a little over 8% and Sweden, it took just under 6%, according to

One percent of the world's adults own 40% of the world's wealth -- and most of the richest people live in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific nations, according to a U.N. University report. (The average adult wealth is $181,000 in Japan and $144,000 in the U.S. as compared, for example, to Indonesia with $1,400.)

The wealthiest 20% of households own 50% of U.S. wealth the Census Bureau showed in 2002 -- that's up from 44 percent in 1973.

For the bottom 20%, their share is now only 3.5%, down from 4.2% in 1973.

Now, 10% own 80% of the nation's property -- and 13,000 of its richest families have net worth equal to the 20 million poorest families.

By mid-2010, the pre-Bush budget surplus of $5.6 trillion had become a debt of $13 trillion, according to (as of 3.25.10) -- see the clock for the current debt total: National debt clock.

The richest 1% of Americans now own 37% of the wealth -- more than the poorest 90%.

16 million Americans now live in deep poverty (annual income less than $9,903) -- a grown of 26% from 2000 to 2005, according to a McClatchy Newspapers analysis of 2005 census figures.

The percent of American poor in extreme poverty has grown from 29.9% in 1975 to 43.1% in 2005.

Over the last 20 years, America has had the highest or nearly highest poverty rates for individual adults, families and children among 31 developed countries (Luxembourg Income Study).

Over its course, the 2001 tax cut gave almost 40 percent of the cut to the richest 1%.

The added tax breaks of 2003 similarly benefited the rich (savings for those with income under $10,000 will be $5, with 8 million low-income taxpayers not receiving anything and another 6.5 million low-income taxpayers not receiving a $400 child-care tax credit -- which excludes 12 million children).

The Seattle P-I reported that under the tax cuts, on their 2004 taxes, President Bush saved over $29,000 and Vice President Cheney, $81,336.

For those with incomes over $1 million, tax savings was $88,873

Prior to that, the tax burden for the richest 1% increased by 48% between 1979 and 1997 -- but their income grew 157% (to an average of $677,900 -- up from $263,700 in 1979).

Congressional Budget Office statistics show that adjusted for inflation, income of American families in the middle rose from $41,900 in 1979 to $45,100 in 1997 (a 9% increase) while the income of families in the top 1% of income rose from $420,200 in 1979 to $1.016 million in 1997 (a 140% increase).

That means that in 1979, the richest 1% of families made 10 times that of the average family but by 1997 were making 23 times the amount -- and the gap is still growing.

Large-company CEOs, on average, earn 500 times more than the average worker, the Seattle P-I reported Feb. 1, 2007 -- in 1980, CEO salaries were only 42 times greater.

Now, the nation's 10 highest paid CEOs make $154 million a year as opposed to the $3.5 million made by the top 10 in 1981.

In 1974, the average CEO made 34 times as much as a production or non-supervisor worker.

In 1990, it was 96 times as much.

In 2000, it was 458 times as much.

The average CEO of a major corporation makes $13.1 million a year in compensation (about $36,000 a day).

An estimated 61 percent of U.S. corporations paid no federal taxes between 1996 and 2000.

Worker pay in the year 2000 was lower, inflation-adjusted, than in 1980 while CEO pay was 10 times higher (workers averaged $28,900 in 1980 and $28,597 -- inflation-adjusted in 2000)

CEOs averaged $1.3 million in 1980 (in year 2000 dollars) and $13.1 million in 2000.

The 2001 income tax booklet shows that half the federal income for Fiscal Year 2000 came from personal income tax. Corporations provided just 10%.

According to Harpers (July 2004) 61 percent of U.S. corporations paid no federal taxes between 1996 and 2000.

In October 2004, Congress passed and President Bush [later signed] a tax-cut bill of $136 billion for corporations, the Seattle P-I reported Oct. 12, 2004.

The same day, the P-I reported that one in five jobs in America earns poverty-level wages, meaning 39 million Americans earn barely enough to cover basic needs.

Since 2001:

1.3 more million Americans are below the poverty line

1.4 million more people are without health insurance

2 million jobs have been lost in the private sector

The budget surplus of $5.6 trillion has become a deficit of $400 billion

Economic growth has been 1%, the lowest of any presidency in 50 years

Value of stocks held by Americans dropped $4.5 trillion, equal to a 30 percent drop in the value of IRAs and 401(k) plans

Some Social Security truths

As of August 2012, according to a study by the Associated Press, Social Security trustees project a $2.7 trillion surplus will be gone in 2033 -- but increasing the 12.4% Social Security tax on all wages, not just the first $110,000 would eliminate 72% of the shortfall.

The AP report said increasing the Social Security payroll tax by 0.1 a year until it reaches 14.4% in 20 years would eliminate 53% of the shortfall, and gradually raising full retirement age to 68 in 2033 would eliminate 15% of the shortfall (or to 69 in 2039 and 70 in 2063 would eliminate 37% of the shortfall). It listed cost-of-living and benefits changes that would eliminate the shortfall as well.

Regarding Social Security, since January 2001:

According to Harpers (April 2005), six-tenths of 1% of Social Security contributions go to the program's administration -- in Britain's privatized system, 30% of contributions go to its administration.

$2 trillion has been transferred from Social Security taxes to the non-Social Security budget.

The amount by which total Social Security contributions since 1983 exceed total benefit payments since then: $999 billion -- (Harpers said in July 2004, citing Social Security Administration in Baltimore)

The Congressional Budget Office estimates that the Social Security trust fund will not run out until 2052, but even after that Social Security revenues will cover 81% of the promised benefits.

The Congressional Budget Office found that extending SS into the 22nd Century with no change in benefits will require additional revenues that amount to only 0.54% of GDP -- that's less than 3% of federal spending.

According to columnist Paul Krugman (March 13, 2005 -- Seattle P-I), Social Security officials have been partisan and deputy commissioner James Lockhard has been giving misinformation at pro-privatization rallies. Also, the Social Security Administration has begun to slant the information provided in the information it gives the public.

An example of the bias is the March 24, 2005, announcement by the trustees reported in the Seattle P-I that suddenly the system will now go broke in 2041 -- prompting Nevada Sen. Harry Reid to say that the SS crisis exists only in the minds of the Republicans.

Krugman also says that the proposal would harm the middle class, with workers of average pay ($37,000) facing cuts of 10% when they retire in 2075, workers earning the equivalent of $58,000 today being cut by 13% but million income Americans would see cuts of only 1%.

The AARP Bulletin in April 2005 listed NINE ways [see similarity to AP 2012 solutions above] other than privatization to tune up Social Security: 1) Raise the cap to allow those making over $90,000 to be taxed; 2) Increase payroll tax rate slightly; 3) Raise the taxation on SS benefits; 4) Preserve some estate tax and dedicate it to SS; 5) Make SS universal (so that the 30% of state and local workers currently outside the system are inside; 6) Invest some of the SS trust in indexed funds; 7) Adjust the Cost of Living Adjustment 8) Raise retirement age; 9) Index benefits to prices, not wages.

Sources: "Kushner, Ivanka Trump worth $741M," Jesse Drucker, Eric Lipton and Maggie Haberman, New York Times in Seattle Times, April 1, 2017, p. A4;"How companies manage to pay so little in taxes," Patricia Cohen, The New York Times in Seattle Times, March 12,2017, p. D4; "700K in state would be uninsured, Inslee says," Bob Young, Seattle Times, March 16, 2017, B2; "Health bill adds up to big tax cut for rich," Stephen Ohlemacher, Associated Press in Seattle Times, March 8, 2017, A5; "8 men own as much wealth as world's poorest half," Pan Pylas, Associated Press, Seattle Times, Jan. 17,2017, pp. A9-10; "Donald Trump's Cabinet richest in U.S. history, historians say,", Dec. 20, 2016; Trump to preside over the richest Cabinet in U.S. history,", Dec. 1, 2016; "Craigslist yanks Seattle group's ad for activists to fight 'Trump Agenda,'" Seattle Times, Nov. 12, 2016, p. B1; "Donald Trump Acknowledges Not Paying Federal Income Taxes for Years," Steve Eder and Megan Twohey, New York Times (, Oct. 10, 2016; Bernie Sanders, "Three reasons to prefer Clinton over Trump," Cascadia Weekly, Oct. 26,2016, p. 6; Nicholas Kristof, "The real welfare cheats," Seattle Times, April 15, 2016, p. A17; Danny Westneat, "Microsoft excels at offshore tax dance," Seattle Times, April 6, 2016, p. B1; Nicholas Kristof, "America's stacked deck," Seattle Times, Feb. 21, 2016, p. A16; Tim Redond, "Project Censored: Ten news items the media ignored," Cascadia Weely, Nov. 25, 2015, p. 8-9;"Gates, Bezos on world's richest list," Seattle Times, Aug. 9, 15, p. D3; "Nearly 60 people gave a third of 2016 campaign cash," Bllingham Herald, Aug. 2, 2015, p. A9; "Boeing is top dog for state, local tax breaks," Seattle Times, March 17, 2015, A11; "Feeling richer?" Seattle Times, March 13, 2015, p. A6; "The World's Billionaires,", March 4, 2015; "40 years of economic policy in one chart,", Jan. 15, 2015; "World's 400 richest add $92 billion in 2014," Bellingham Herald, Jan. 4, 2015, C3; on Jan. 4, 2015; "Why pay is soaring for CEOs, but not for others," Seattle Times, May 28, 2014, p. A1, 12; "Bloomberg Billionaires Index: The rich got $524 billion richer in 2013," Jan. 10, 2014; "Wealth of a few equals that of billions of poor," Seattle Times, Jan. 21, 2014, p. A3; "The Top 25 Most Censored Stories of 2012-2013," Project Ceonsored,, Dec. 3, 2013; "Inside The 2013 Forbes 400: Facts and Figures on America's Richest,", Sept. 17, 2013; "Top 1% take a record share of U.S. income," Seattle Times, A1, 7, Sept. 11, 2013; "Economic recovery rewarding for wealthy," Seattle Times, A8-9, April 24, 2013; "Rich get richer," Seattle Times, A5, Jan. 2, 2013; "As crisis looms, a chance to end paralysis on debt," Seattle Times, A3, Nov. 12, 2012; "The math on Romney's tax claim doesn't tell whole story," Seattle Times, Sept. 19, 2011, A1, A3; Danny Westneat, "Let's look at who's not paying taxes," Seattle Times, B1, Sept. 19, 2012; "Social Security fixes: better now than later," Stephen Ohlemacher, the Associate Press, Seattle Tims, Aug. 20, 2012, A3; "More butlers for the 1 percent," Seattle Times, July 21, 2012, A9; "Corporations, Taxes: Let the debate begin," Seattle Times, Feb. 23, 2012, A3; "Superwealthy mobilize in effort to mute attacks on 1%," Seattle Times, Dec. 21, 2011, A1, A8; "CEO pay takes a big jump in 2010," Bellingham Herald, Dec. 16, 2011, B6; "Democacry and American oligarchs," Paul Krugman, Seattle Times, Nov. 5, 2011, A section; "Income gap still widening in U.S.," Seattle Times, Oct. 21, 2011, A2; "Wall Street protest draws critique by veteran activisits," Seattle Times, Oct. 10, 2011, A2; "Labor Day: This year we need portest marches more than parades," Robert Reich, Cascadia Weekly, Aug. 31, 2011, p. 8; "Wartime Tax rate: Less than zero," Seattle Times, July 3, 2011, pp. B1, 7; "Executive pay drives increasing wage gap," The Seattle Times, June, 21, 2011, p. A3; "Economy fails working Americans," Bob Herbert, Seattle Times, Sept. 15, 2010; "Soak the very, very rich," James Surowieki, New Yorker, Aug. 16 & 23, 2010; "Recovery: Why our CEOs Don't Give a Hoot,", October. 14, 2010; "NIght of the living Reaganites," Paul Krugman (New York Times columnist), Seattle Times, Aug. 25, 2009, p. A11; "Reversal of fortunes as rich become poorer," Seattle Times (using a New York Times story by David Leonhardt and Geraldine Fabrikant), Aug. 21, 2009, p. A1, A11; "Poverty at record high levels," (Tony Pugh, McClatchy), Bellingham Herald, Feb. 25,2007, p. 1, 11; "Bush targets extravagant CEO salaries," (Ben Feller, AP), Seattle P-I, Feb. 1, 2007, p. E1, 6; "1% own 40% of world wealth, U.N. says," Seattle P-I, Dec. 6, 2006, p. C3; "They come to bury Social Security," Paul Krugman, Seattle P-I, Dec. 8, 2004; Corporation and poverty stories, Seattle P-I, Oct. 12, 2004; "America's income gap grows; rich get richer," Seattle P-I, Aug. 17, 2004; Harpers Index, July 2004; AP story in Seattle P-I, April 14, 2004; Jack Z. Smith (Fort Worth Star-Telegram), June 7, 2003 in Bellingham Herald, p. A11; Lewis Lapham, Harpers, January 2003, p. 9; David Broder (syndicated columnist), Seattle P-I, Oct. 13, 2002; Paul Krugman (New York Times columnist), Seattle P-I, Jan. 13, 2001 p. D7; Geneva Overholser, columnist, Seattle P-I, 6/01/01; Nation, Oct. 27, 1997; Interfaith Peace Makers of Edina brochure; Seattle PI (Curt Anderson, AP), 4/9/02; 2001 1040 tax boolet. Ryan J. Donmeyer, Seattle P-I, Jan. 8, 2003; AP chart, Seattle P-I, Jan. 8, 2003, p. A7.

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Updated as relevant news emerges -- April 2017